Reelin reverts biochemical, physiological and cognitive alterations in mouse models of Tauopathy
Rossi, Daniela; Gruart, Agnes; Contreras-Murillo, Gerardo; Muhaisen, Ashraf; Avila, Jesus; Maria Delgado-Garcia, Jose; Pujadas, Lluis; Soriano, Eduardo
Reelin is an extracellular protein crucial for adult brain plasticity. Moreover, Reelin is protective against amyloid-beta (A beta) pathology in Alzheimer's Disease (AD), reducing plaque deposition, synaptic loss and cognitive decline. Given that Tau protein plays a key role in AD pathogenesis, and that the Reelin pathway modulates Tau phosphorylation, here we explored the involvement of Reelin in AD-related Tau pathology. We found that Reelin overexpression modulates the levels of Tau phosphorylation in AD-related epitopes in VLW mice expressing human mutant Tau. in vitro, Reelin reduced the A beta-induced missorting of axonal Tau and neurofilament proteins to dendrites. Reelin also reverted in vivo the toxic somatodendritic localization of phosphorylated Tau. Finally, overexpression of Reelin in VLW mice improved long-term potentiation and long-term memory cognitive performance thus masking the cognitive and physiological deficits in VLW mice. These data suggest that the Reelin pathway, which is also protective against A beta pathology, modulates fundamental traits of Tau pathology, strengthening the potential of Reelin as a therapeutic target in AD.
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